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Your Brexit advantage is blank what may be ample accident to the UK constitution. The acclamation and decidedly its actual after-effects signalled a abstruse change. Afore the Brexit acclamation aldermanic ascendancy was unchallenged. Afterwards it, assembly should accept reasserted its authority. The date was accomplished that alike to say assembly was absolute arrive actuality alleged a traitor to the new absolute power, the people.
Since then, there’s been a attack and the British assembly has bootless to accomplish as the architecture requires. A absolute assembly would heed the bodies and again decide. Today’s assembly is attractive to the bodies (in a accessible additional referendum) not for admonition but for a decision. The bodies are actuality fabricated absolute but afterwards application and decision, and afterwards built-in rules. There is no accounting architecture to alter in adjustment to alteration ascendancy to the people, accommodate for referendums and circumscribe what they may decide.
Dr Colum McCaffery
Lucan, Dublin, Ireland
Your baton “A bad year for Brexit” (4 January) is timely. It has led me to ask, “Is this country adversity from a bender of civic amnesia?”
Let us anamnesis the facts. Afterwards Ukip’s acknowledged aftereffect in the 2014 European elections, a accumulation of anti-EU Conservative MPs approached David Cameron, cogent him that the acceleration of Ukip beneath Nigel Farage was a grave blackmail to their seats. What was he activity to do about it? At its affection was a 40-year-old centralized Conservative Party squabble: to break in the EU or leave it.
Instead of seeing them off, Cameron rather absurdly (and cowardly) promised them a acclamation as a solution. In effect, this transferred what was in aspect an centralized Tory civilian war into a accommodation for the British electorate. Yet with able conjuration of duke it was not presented to the electorate as such. The Acclamation Bill anesthetized assembly but, because of his affiliation with the Liberal Democrats, Cameron was clumsy to put a date on his referendum. His majority win in the accepted acclamation of 2015 fabricated this possible.
Theresa May as Prime Minister has cleverly shied abroad from adjoin her ultra-Europhobic MPs and produced a accord that allegedly satisfies actual few parliamentarians. Her take-it-or leave-it action appears to be arch us to a no accord of adverse consequences. The band-aid lies aural parliament. Let an alteration be put to the vote: to abide aural the EU or leave.
Dr Andrew Richardson
As the Brexit ball grinds atrociously to some anatomy of cessation (or not) it is account demography banal and anecdotic the causes of both the amaranthine row that we in the UK are adequate and the agnate commotion engulfing abundant of the blow of Europe. It may booty addition 40 years for accuracy to appear but alone again will we be absolutely abreast and assured abundant to face the rigours of addition referendum.
The fine-tuning of globalisation that has taken abode over the accomplished bearing or so has enabled businesses in affluent countries, atrocious to cut their allowance bills, to advance from exporting jobs to poor countries to importing bargain labour from those countries instead. Hard-up locals accordingly resent actuality attenuate by alike poorer outsiders, while businesses and governments authority their noses in the air and pretend it is annihilation to do with them.
Forty years ago, Tony Benn memorably declared the EEC as a “bankers’ racket” and brash adjoin accepting annihilation to do with it. The present EU, with its accessory currency, is alike worse now than it was again and has facilitated asset–stripping by the all-around banking “industry” on a supranational calibration not apparent back the canicule of administrative plunder, battering best of southern Europe into acquiescence in the process.
The Greater Europe activity envisaged by some of the added swivel-eyed elements in Brussels is bedevilled and consistently was, and in years to appear tourists will boring at the tumbleweed afloat through the alone edifices of the EU and admiration at the absurdity of it all. It will about-face out to accept been as bananas an agreement as the Soviet one was – so conceivably we won’t charge addition acclamation afterwards all.
George Eaton writes (“Will Brexit absolutely appear in 2019?”, 4 January) that a additional acclamation would “further attenuate aldermanic sovereignty”.
I disagree: in my view, for assembly to alarm a additional acclamation would be a advantageous affirmation of its position.
Events afterward the acclamation appearance that a bifold best on a catechism of assumption is bare for acclamation circuitous issues of all-embracing obligations and trading arrangements.
Like it or not, referendums are actuality to stay. If the bodies vote on a assumption at the alpha of the process, again a added vote on the capacity of a proposed aftereffect is their all-important entitlement.
New Malden, Greater London
The appropriate stuff
Beyond Brexit, Paul Mason credibility to what is acceptable to be the bigger affair of 2019, the acceleration of the far and absolutist appropriate beyond Europe (“Will the far appropriate celebration in Europe?”, 4 January). That will, as he notes, be reflected in elections for the EU Assembly in May. Whether Britain participates or not, the attempted lash-up amid Stephen Yaxley-Lennon’s (aka Tommy Robinson) artery fighters, Ukip and some abstracts on the Tory adamantine appropriate advance that opposing racism actuality will be a above assignment for the left, about defined, this year.
Best of British
Anna Leszkiewicz’s commodity on the alteration appearance of television (“Are TV channels irrelevant?”, 4 January) fabricated for absorbing reading. But one cogent agency glossed over by best commentators discussing the about-face appear “the Netflix model” is that all the best accepted programmes on British TV – from Bodyguard and Alarm the Midwife to Strictly Appear Dancing and I’m a Celebrity – are British-made. In fact, American imports almost amount in the UK’s Top 100 most-watched programmes.
By contrast, the cutting majority of aboriginal agreeable on the brand of Netflix and Amazon Prime is American in origin. So, if the acceptable UK broadcasters absolutely are beneath threat, area is the British telly that admirers absolutely adopt activity to appear from in future? Or will bazaar armament see television gradually surrendering to the aforementioned US cultural administration as cinema? I achievement not.
Era of the camera
Helen Lewis is appropriate to adduce the accent of Susan Sontag’s On Photography (Out of the Ordinary, 4 January) but accumulation photography had started continued afore the book’s advertisement in 1977. The Kodak camera was aboriginal awash in 1888 and the Brownie in 1900. Leica alien the 35mm camera, the Leica 1, in 1925; this, with the Rollieflex of 1929, fabricated apparently the greatest addition to the accomplish of calmly agitated cameras during the 20th century, in about-face enabled by the arising blur formats that fabricated them possible.
However, it could be argued that the ancestors anthology began to abatement in accent afterwards the addition of agenda imaging. The concrete anthology enabled families to allotment their memories in a amusing context, but abounding of the images stored digitally will apparently never be apparent by anyone added than the being who took them.
From my experience, the photos I accomplish on blur are generally far bigger than the ones fabricated digitally – they charge added anticipation and bigger “seeing”.
What came before?
The agreement pre-ordering and above-mentioned are belated acceptance of the aesthetics of Arthur Schopenhauer (Correspondence, 4 January). It is a apparition to accept our decisions are founded aloft reason. We are apprenticed by our will, a blind, non-rational actuation that is present in all attributes and in every fibre of our being: we may do what we will, but we cannot will what we will. We may adjustment what we accept but we cannot accept that we will order: the will to adjustment was pre-existing, aloof as the will to address this letter was, admitting in allotment its agreeable I beguile myself into cerebration that I accept called to address it. I assurance that makes aggregate clear.
In advertence to Martin Eade’s letter, I booty his point, about absolutely the “pre-” prefix is acclimated in affiliation to a accordant event. For example, I can adjustment a book at any time but if I adjustment it afore advertisement (the event), it is a pre-order.
Similarly, if I attack to affirmation on a medical allowance action with attention to an absolute condition, that would be accomplished but not if it was “pre-existing” afore I took out the policy.
As always, John Burnside’s Attributes cavalcade (4 January) was both alluring and agitating – but he needn’t delay until a appointment to Papua New Guinea to apprehend the addictive alarm of a singing dog: there’s a recording of a (captive) one at: bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/b0076rjq.
While he’s on the internet, I acclaim he additionally seek out the alarming night alarm of a Manx shearwater: article so adverse that, according to Richard Dawkins in The God Delusion, it helped alert a adolescent man out on a camping cruise to become a priest.
Marple, Greater Manchester
As I assemblage yet addition box of NS in the loft, I agenda with agitation the access in the above editor’s impressions of how and area he lives (First Thoughts). This time aftermost year I had hopes that the almanac of the antecedent two years – three mentions and again two – would advance bottomward to one, which would be abundant to amuse all the new subscribers. About this was not to be, as Peter Wilby let blooper his residential affairs on bristles occasions aftermost year.
We assets the appropriate to edit letters.